Eczema or atopic dermatitis (as it is medically called) is a condition that approximately 10% of children suffer from. Skin eczema in children is a skin condition wherein the children have more sensitive skin than other people. This often leads to dry skin that causes rashes and itchiness. Given the high percentage of children (One in Ten) that suffers from this, it is crucial that parents know and understand how to treat skin eczema in children.
A few introductive points necessary to be remembered are that there is no specific cause found for this condition. Children suffering from eczema do not carry a contagious streak. There is no need absolutely to keep the child away from any regular activity due to this. The trigger needs to be found and addressed, however. It is also essential to know that this differs from child to child. Many children get over this condition by the age of four. However, there might be some who face it much longer or even throughout their lives. There are no specific reasons for conditions on which this can be based on which kid suffers for long.
Let’s now dive into some of the important aspects of this for children, such as causes, symptoms, and how to treat skin eczema in children.
What it looks like
The most visible and prevalent symptom of this for children is the rashes on their skin? Each child will develop the rash differently, and therefore there is no way to find a simple pattern. It is also difficult to define how long the rashes will last, when they will flare-up, or when there will be remission of these rashes. The body parts in which the rashes turn up also may differ from child to child and age to age.
This being said, there are specific patterns that have been observed by doctors over time. It has been found that in babies, the rashes often appear on the face or the scalp. Red, itchy rashes start to appear over these parts of the baby’s body. It is important to note here that diaper area rashes generally tend not to be associated with this issue in babies.
In the case of slightly older school-going children, the rashes mostly appear on the elbows, behind the knees, neck, and eyes. Red, itchy rashes, if found in these spots on children, should occur we checked for this condition.
What needs to be remembered here is that rashes on a child’s skin should not be taken lightly. It is better to be safe and get it checked by a doctor rather than leave it to self-diagnosis or ignore the problem. That way, it may develop into a more significant issue going forward.
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Possible Causes of Skin Eczema in Children
The first thing to know when it comes to this condition is that it may likely be genetic. This condition is also often accompanied by children by other allergic conditions such as asthma or hay fever. However, it is. Nearly impossible to pinpoint the exact cause or the condition flaring up in a child. At any given particular point of time. Some of the possible causes, however, as have been observed, might be:
- In extremely unlikely cases, the diet may be the reason for the child’s condition flaring up. In such cases, it is important to keep a tab of what foods or beverages cause this in the child.
- Certain chemicals found in soaps and bath products or fabric material such as wool or polyester can often trigger this in children. This needs to be taken care of when choosing going forward for the children these aspects.
- In most suffering children, the condition is triggered right after a viral or bacterial infection takes hold of a child. This has been seen as a sort of pattern for children suffering from
- Exposure of an allergic child to dust mites or animal fur may also be a trigger for the flaring up of the condition in the child.
- An extremely warm bath or hot conditions are also likely to trigger the same in the child.
- Finally, high levels of stress also tend to become catalysts for the condition in children.
A child may have red patchy itchy skin in terms of rashes or inflammation on their skin when this condition flares up for them. Such skin may weep, crack, or even bleed if the child often scratches at the itching. This can lead to certain scarring if the skin is soft, which the case is generally for small children. As a piece of advice, it is better if children suffering does not have long nails as they may hurt themselves.
While for most children, it is true that it is only during the flare-up that the symptoms are visible, it may happen for some children that the skin is extremely hard and dry even otherwise. This becomes a clear giveaway of the condition in children.
It is important for parents and guardians not to self diagnose and begin treatment. In certain cases, it is best to take the advice of the doctor. Some such situations are:
- when you first feel the child has eczema
- If the skin weeps or bleeds due to the rashes
- The child has trouble sleeping due to itchiness
- The child is keeping unwell along with the rash
- The eczema is very painful for the child constantly
- Pus develops on the child’s skin due to these rashes
Prevention of Skin Eczema in Children
While the condition may flare up for unknown reasons at any given point of time, it is advisable for the parents to do their best in controlling the situation to avoid a flare-up. Some of the prevention tips are:
- Dress the kids in cotton and not wool or polyester
- Ensure the child is not too hot at any point of time so as to avoid the rashes
- Do not experiment with soaps and bubble baths for the child as it may trigger a flare-up
- Keep the child’s skin moisturized to avoid dryness and rashes
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How to Treat Skin Eczema in Children?
Before some points of the treatment are discussed, it is imperative to note that no self-medication should be practiced. A doctor should be consulted in any serious scenario or any flare-up that the child faces.
The only treatment possible of this condition is to address the symptoms, that is, the rashes. For this, the doctor must inform the patient of certain ointments, an oral medication that the child needs to take in order to have the treatment of eczema in children. It is important to follow the doctor’s orders exactly as given so as to be able to help the child in the best possible manner. Knowing this, the only treatment is the treatment to ensure the mind of normalcy.
Having found information about all the above, it now becomes the duty and task of the parent or guardian to take care of the child well if their child suffers from this condition. A child only learns what is taught to them by those meant to take care of the child. It is, therefore, imperative the child learn about their condition as soon as possible. This puts them in a position to do the best by themselves if a flare-up does come to pass.